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Home » Style » Folklor (traditional) » Russian Folk songs » The series "The Golden Fund of the Perm region" - Anthology of Mari folklore. vol. 3

The series "The Golden Fund of the Perm region" - Anthology of Mari folklore. vol. 3

Style: Folklor (traditional), Russian Folk songs
Region: Russia / Volga area / Urals
Label: KAMWA
Source: CD

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Tatars - a Turkic peoples of Russia. The main ethnic territory - the Volga and Ural regions. The Tatar ethnic group was formed in the Middle Volga region, it is here still lives most of the Tatar population. According to the census in 2010 in Russia, there were 5,310,649 Tatars are the second largest nation in the country. The number of Tatars in the Perm region - 115 544 people, this is the second largest nation region.

Traditional Folklore of the Perm Tatars - a unique variety of genres, he retained some archaic elements, clearly describing the local tradition. Particularly interesting and historical place names and legends, these genres have received the greatest development. The historical memory of the Tatar people unusually deep. Centuries passed since then, both in the region were first Tatar settlements, but now in every village will tell you the tradition of its founders. Toponymic legends starkly reveal the story of the appearance of names of rivers and mountains and settlements. A rich variety of different plot and mythological prose: this mythological tales and folk Islamic legend, and bylichki byvalschiny - from creation myths to the scary stories about evil spirits. There are a Perm Tatars tales about animals, household tales. The so-called minor genres of folklore - proverbs, riddles, ritual sentences zaklichki - a treasure of folk wisdom. Children's folklore is represented at the Perm Tatars rhymes, teasers, nursery rhymes. And the conspiracy - a special genre of folklore - until recently extensively used in the practice of traditional medicine. Rich in folklore and poetry of Perm Tatars, song forms. Existed a variety of folk songs - җyr, performed at the time of the wires in the recruits, the wedding ceremony. There are tunes visitality, lullabies, dance, joke, play and lyrical melodies. In Perm Tatars were the development of lyric and epic poetry Bait and religious content in the Tatar language - menezhety - (mөnәҗәt). Feature of the traditional folklore of Perm Tatars - the union in the entire four-line stanzas cycles, performed on a particular tune. In this text the verses quite autonomous. The same verse could be included in the wedding, levy, guest cycles and run on different tunes. The song had been created anew each time, as in the selection of verses have always existed some improvisation. Its impact on traditional folklore has a literary tradition. Quatrains composed by poets, often performed along with folk, singing in one cycle. Tatars live in large parts Perm Perm, was formed several other areas of their residence. In each habitat recorded its features folkloric traditions of separate existence of the folklore texts and genres, specific features of speech. In the villages in the district Suksun Perm Tatars preserved and developed a unique ritual genres of folklore - the wedding laments, performed by the bride from the parental home. In October Tatar villages of Perm Krai area during the collection of gifts to the special verses sung Sabantui - sөrәn җyrlary. In the Tatar villages in the upper Iren performed special verses and chants that once accompanied the tradition of the fall visitality - cooperatives (әrtile, әrtile Zhora - literally "walk team of"). During the "artisanal" sounded particularly artel melody - әrtile kөe. Have been widely circulated musical tunes, and the village street - uram kөe, avyl kөe, in every village performed his own version. It is widely distributed among the Tatars were balamishkin kөe, sarman kөe, mine kөe. At the ringing melodies sung verses of wires into the army, visitality cycles. Musical Culture of Perm Tatars instrumental variable. Execution of traditional tunes accompanied by tunes on the violin, and later - on harmony. Until now, the tradition persists kubyz games - wooden or metal musical instruments. At kubyz performed tunes, often playing on the instrument performance was accompanied by a guest, chastushechnyh dancing and singing. In the anthology, we have attempted to show the diversity of genres and territorial Tatar Folklore of the Perm region. Collected in an anthology of texts written by artists and folk ensembles in Tartar villages in seven districts of the southern region.

1     Rural Tune  Atnyaguzi and Verkh-Iren villages’ ensemble    
2     Rural Tune  Murshida Akhkamova (born 1930), and Atnyaguzi village ensemble    
3     Guest Tune  Verkhny Syp village ensemble    
4     Artel’s Tune  Yenapayevo village ensemble    
5     Lullaby  Farduna Khayazova (born 1932), Koltayevo    
6     Game Tune  Ust-Turka village ensemble    
7     Dancing Chastushka  Maysara Karimova (born 1933), Agafonkovo    
8     Maryam  Farikha Mubarakshina (born 1937), Atnyaguzi    
9     Shawl  Maly Sars village ensemble    
10     Street Tune  Rashit Kabirov (born 1946), Gakif Royanov (born 1942), Maly Sars    
11     Jocular  Zalifa Akhmadiyeva (born 1949), Berdykayevo    
12     Lyrical Song   Verkhny Syp village ensemble    
13     Dancing Chastushkas   Ust-Turka village ensemble    
14     Tune for Gathering Presents  Atnyaguzi and Verkh-Iren village ensemble    
15      Ashkazar  Berdykayevo village ensemble    
16      Tune For Sending Off to the Army  Agafonkovo village ensemble    
17     Guest Tune  Bashkultayevo village ensemble    
18     Street Tune  Minnevagiza Murakayeva (born 1922), Bateryaki, Raisa Garyayeva (born 1935), Vankino    
19     Chastushkas  Rafiga Nasipova (born 1940), Yenapayevo    
20     Rural Tune  Salikha Azmukhanova (born 1937), Sorokino    
21     Guest Tune  Verkhny Syp village ensemble    
22     Street Tune  Sorokino village ensemble    
23      Sarman  Baytulla Gimranov (born 1933), Sariya Gimranova (born 1939), Byrma    
24     Spiritual Song  Marziya Khallillina (born 1931), Chayka    
25     Street Tune  Baytulla Gimranov (born 1933), Byrma    
26     Dance-folk tune on the accordion  Mullahmatova Fakiya born in 1932 Village Yulaev, Suksun area.

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